About Boston, Massachusetts

With about 4.5 million people, the Boston metropolitan area is one of the 10 largest cities in the United States. It is located in the state of Massachusetts in a part of the country called New England.

About Boston, Massachusetts

Boston Information

City code BOS
Country United States
State Massachusetts
Population 4.5 Million
Pop. density 4,850 / km2
Land area 232 km2
Elevation 43 m
Currency Dollar (USD)
Annual GDP US$ 290 Bn
Languages English
Latitude 42° 22'' N
Longitude 71° 02'' W

Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled in about 1630 by Puritan colonists resettling from Europe. Over the centuries, Boston has played an important role in the development of the United States. The city was the site of several important events leading up to the American Revolutionary War with Britain.

With over 100 colleges and universities, Boston is a major educational center in the United States. It has some of the best educational institutions in the world, including Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (both of which are in neighboring Cambridge, MA). These many schools attract a very international and cosmopolitan crowd to the city and give it a very vibrant feel.

Boston also has very strong healthcare and medical facilities. This includes internationally known hospitals, excellent medical schools, and a strong biotech and medical products industrial base.

While it has fewer Fortune 500 companies than it once did, the Boston area has a very strong high-tech oriented economy. Fueled by research from universities, it is one of the leading centers of innovation in the USA with strong venture capital firms funding startups.

Boston is coastal city on a large bay near the Atlantic Ocean. Due to it's age and geography, the city is fairly compact and densely populated. Boston originally was founded on a fairly small spit of land. As a result, much of the city is actually built on landfill deposited over the years as the population has grown.

Boston has four relatively distinct seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. The winters are quite cold and long with freezing temperatures common and considerable snow. The summers are relatively warm with temperatures reaching into the 90's sometimes in July and August. Spring and Fall are temperate, but can swing hot or cold depending on seasonal weather patterns. Total precipitation is about 43 in (108 cm) per year.

Boston has many scenic attractions and landmarks. Some of the main attractions include Faneuil Hall and Quincy Market, the Public Gardens, the Freedom Trail, Copley Square, Fenway Park (home of the Boston Red Sox baseball team), and Newbury Street. Nearby destinations include Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, the historic towns of Concord and Lexington, and the Berkshires, among many others.

In Boston, English is almost universally spoken. Spanish is also common. Many other languages are spoken by smaller enclaves of students and immigrants from many countries.

The main airport serving Boston is Logan International Airport.

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